- Onfido reveals emerging fraud trends from its annual Identity Fraud Report
- Foreword from Interpol highlights pandemic has only hastened the emergence of cyber-enabled financial crimes
- Onfido expands fraud prevention offering with new suite of smart multi-layered fraud solutions
SAN FRANCISCO & LONDON, December 8, 2022; Onfido, the global automated identity verification provider, today publishes its 2023 Identity Fraud Report revealing that ‘less sophisticated’ fraud — in which doctored identity documents are readily spotted — has jumped 37% in 2022. The report finds that fraudsters can scale these attacks on an organization’s systems en masse, around the clock.
It is estimated that the current global financial cost of fraud is $5.38 trillion (£4.37 trillion), which is 6.4% of the world's GDP. With most fraud now happening online (80% of reported fraud is cyber-enabled), Onfido’s Identity Fraud Report uncovers patterns of fraudster behavior, attack techniques, and emerging tactics.
Hyperconnectivity extends fraudsters’ ‘business hours’
Over the last four years, fraudsters’ working patterns have dramatically changed. In 2019, attacks mirrored a typical working week, peaking Monday to Friday and dropping off during the weekends. Yet over the last three years, fraudulent activity started to shift so that levels of fraud span every day of the week.
In 2022, fraud levels were consistent across 24 hours, seven days a week. With technology, fraudsters are more connected across the globe and are able to traverse regions and time zones, and can easily take advantage of businesses’ closed hours when staff are likely offline. This hyperconnectivity means there are no more 'business hours' for fraudsters and sophisticated fraud rings — they will scam and defraud 24/7.
Malik Alibegovic, Forensic Analyst at Interpol, in the foreword of Onfido’s report
The fourth edition of Onfido’s annual Identity Fraud Report also revealed:
- Increasing number of fraud rings uncovered through repeat fraud: Fraud rings are making thousands of variations of the same document by tweaking minor details each time in an attempt to create thousands of fake accounts. Using Onfido’s Repeat Attempts, one company identified 300 documents submitted with the same document number combined with slightly different attributes over a three month period.
- Fraudsters deterred by biometric verification: 83% fewer attacks occurred on biometrics compared to documents, suggesting fraudsters focus their attacks on documents when attempting to bypass onboarding defenses, and abandon attempts when confronted by biometric verification.
- Gaming is one of the most attacked industries: Gaming fraud increased 4X over the past 12 months, making it one of the most attacked industries ahead of healthcare, finance and professional services.
- 85% of all fraud is estimated to be linked to synthetic identity fraud - where a fake ID is created by combining real personal information bought from the Dark Web with fabricated personal information. Onfido’s Identity Fraud Report reveals that synthetic IDs are more likely to be of men than women, and fraudsters are opting to use fictional names. For example, one of the names frequently used for fraud was Edward Cullen, the lead character from the series, Twilight.
- Most commonly used phones fraudsters use come from lower cost brands like Symphony (Indian), Gionne (Chinese) and lava (Indian), presumably to use as burner phones, specifically for the purpose of conducting fraud.
Simon Horswell, Fraud Specialist at Onfido
Onfido launches new fraud solutions to mitigate repeat fraud attacks
Onfido Real Identity Platform adds new automated fraud detection solutions designed to mitigate large scale fraud attacks, offering customers a multi-layered approach to combating fraud with zero additional friction.
- Repeat Attempts offers businesses real-time fraud protection by flagging when an identity document provided at onboarding has been submitted for verification at least once before - even if attributes, such as date of birth, appear differently.
- Known Faces flags repeat face captures from a selfie or video verification by matching against facial biometrics collected by a business in onboarding flows.
- Device Intelligence helps businesses differentiate genuine customers from cybercriminals by identifying suspicious IP addresses and bot attempts, and assessing device integrity and geo-location analysis.
Onfido processes millions of identity verification requests every year, helping over 800 clients detect fraud across 2,500 document types from 195 countries. The 2023 Identity Fraud Report shares insights gained on the state of remote identity fraud over the past year, based on analysis of data collected from October 1, 2021 to October 1, 2022 and normalized by client and industry distribution.